Hardneck garlic is the most winter-hardy type, so if you’re a garlic-growing beginner, you’ll most likely want to start with some variety of this type. Basically, the short garlic-growing story goes like this:
In October or November, break apart the bulbs and plant the cloves 4-6 inches apart in rows about a foot apart, 2-3 inches deep.
Watch for them in spring – they’ll be first out of the soil!
Keep them weeded so the bulbs have room to grow as large as they can. Be watching for scapes, the long curly seed heads.
When you see the scapes, cut them off and eat them. This will allow the bulbs to grow larger as well.
When the tops dry out, dig up the bulbs and put them somewhere hot and dry for two weeks. This curing will allow the bulbs to be stored for a longer period of time.
Enjoy your garlic! And don’t forget to save some of your very own homegrown garlic bulbs for planting the next batch!
I’ve put together a more detailed and informative pdf file with garlic growing instructions, if you’d like to take a look the link is below.